4.3. Users

4.3.1. Creating Admin Users

When you first run checksetup.pl after installing Bugzilla, it will prompt you for the username (email address) and password for the first admin user. If for some reason you delete all the admin users, re-running checksetup.pl will again prompt you for a username and password and make a new admin.

If you wish to add more administrative users, add them to the "admin" group.

4.3.2. Searching For Users

If you have editusers privileges or if you are allowed to grant privileges for some groups, the Users link will appear in the Administration page.

The first screen is a search form to search for existing user accounts. You can run searches based either on the user ID, real name, login name or email address. The search can be conducted in different ways using the listbox to the right of the text entry box. You can match by case-insensitive substring (the default), regular expression, a reverse regular expression match (which finds every user name which does NOT match the regular expression), or the exact string if you know exactly who you are looking for. The search can be restricted to users who are in a specific group. By default, the restriction is turned off.

The search returns a list of users matching your criteria. User properties can be edited by clicking the login name. The Account History of a user can be viewed by clicking the "View" link in the Account History column. The Account History displays changes that have been made to the user account, the time of the change and the user who made the change. For example, the Account History page will display details of when a user was added or removed from a group.

4.3.3. Modifying Users

Once you have found your user, you can change the following fields:

  • Email Address: This is the user's full email address. Unless you turn off the allowemailchange parameter, users can change their email address to any other valid email address they control.

  • Login Name: If the "use_email_as_login" parameter is switched off, the user also has a separate login name, which is (or can be) different from their email address.

  • Real Name: The user's real name. Note that Bugzilla does not require this to create an account.

  • Password: You can change the user's password here. Users can automatically request a new password, so you shouldn't need to do this often. If you want to disable an account, see Disable Text below.

  • Bugmail Disabled: Check this checkbox to disable bugmail and whinemail completely for this account. Note that this does not prevent the user logging in or taking any other action.

  • Disable Text: If you type anything in this box, including just a space, the user is prevented from logging in and from making any changes to bugs via the web interface. The HTML you type in this box is presented to the user when they attempt to perform these actions and should explain why the account was disabled. Users with disabled accounts will continue to receive mail from Bugzilla; furthermore, they will not be able to log in themselves to change their own preferences and stop it. If you want an account (disabled or active) to stop receiving mail, simply check the Bugmail Disabled checkbox above.

    Note

    Even users whose accounts have been disabled can still submit bugs via the email gateway, if one exists. The email gateway should not be enabled for secure installations of Bugzilla.

    Warning

    Don't disable all the administrator accounts!

  • <groupname>: Checkboxes will appear here to allow you to add users to, or remove them from, permission groups. The first checkbox gives the user the ability to add and remove other users as members of this group. The second checkbox makes the user himself a member of the group.

    Bugzilla has a number of built-in groups. For the full set of groups and their capabilities, see Permissions. This list will also contain any groups you have created.

4.3.4. Creating New Users

4.3.4.1. Self-Registration

By default, users can create their own user accounts by clicking the New Account link at the bottom of each page (assuming they aren't logged in as someone else already). If you want to disable this self-registration, or if you want to restrict who can create their own user account, you have to edit the createemailregexp parameter in the Configuration page; see Parameters.

4.3.4.2. Administrator Registration

Users with editusers privileges, such as administrators, can create user accounts for other users:

  1. After logging in, click the "Users" link at the footer of the query page, and then click "Add a new user".

  2. Fill out the form presented. This page is self-explanatory. When done, click "Submit".

    Note

    Adding a user this way will not send an email informing them of their username and password. While useful for creating dummy accounts (watchers which shuttle mail to another system, for instance, or email addresses which are a mailing list), in general it is preferable to log out and use the New Account button to create users, as it will pre-populate all the required fields and also notify the user of her account name and password.

4.3.5. Deleting Users

If the allowuserdeletion parameter is turned on (see Parameters) then you can also delete user accounts. Note that, most of the time, this is not the best thing to do. If only a warning in a yellow box is displayed, then the deletion is safe. If a warning is also displayed in a red box, then you should NOT try to delete the user account, else you will get referential integrity problems in your database, which can lead to unexpected behavior, such as bugs not appearing in bug lists anymore, or data displaying incorrectly. You have been warned!

4.3.6. Impersonating Users

There may be times when an administrator would like to do something as another user. The sudo feature may be used to do this.

Note

To use the sudo feature, you must be in the bz_sudoers group. By default, all administrators are in this group.

If you have access to this feature, you may start a session by going to the Edit Users page, Searching for a user and clicking on their login. You should see a link below their login name titled "Impersonate this user". Click on the link. This will take you to a page where you will see a description of the feature and instructions for using it. After reading the text, simply enter the login of the user you would like to impersonate, provide a short message explaining why you are doing this, and press the button.

As long as you are using this feature, everything you do will be done as if you were logged in as the user you are impersonating.

Warning

The user you are impersonating will not be told about what you are doing. If you do anything that results in mail being sent, that mail will appear to be from the user you are impersonating. You should be extremely careful while using this feature.